13th July 2024


The Toolkit (Full Downloadable Version)

This full version of the toolkit includes 747 great coaching tools and ideas:

  • Introduction to the Toolkit
  • All 8 Stories and their Coaching Tools
  • The entire Resource Library
  • 50 x 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan cards
  • Approximately 514 downloadable pages

3 Pillars of Effective Coaching

Create Environment

  • Why it has been Included
  • Environment can be Intangible or Tangible
  • Intangibles are subdivided into Positive Vision / Appropriate Challenge / Personal Best Climate
  • Tangibles are subdivided into Location / Setting / Decor

Effective Working relationships

  • Effective Working Relationships comprise Empathy / Sincerity / Care
  • Four Ideas for Effective and Healthy Working Relationships
  • Example Story in the Resource Library revisited

Steepening The Learning Curve

  • Practice does not guarantee Progress
  • Four Ideas to help Steepen the Learning Curve
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Tennis Lessons





The use of analogies/similes during the coaching process is arguably one of the most effective methods of providing an environment in which the pupil can learn.

  • Analogies/Similes are Brilliant in Facilitating Learning
  • Examples from Different Fields for You to Use in Your Coaching






Would you define confidence as the mental skill of primary importance?

  • What is Confidence?
  • Why Confidence is Important
  • Benefits of having Confidence
  • Building Confidence




Emotional Control

Losing emotional control is the easiest mental condition to identify.

  • Helen’s Story
  • Belief Systems
  • The Thought Process Hierarchy
  • Managing Emotions
  • Sherlock Holmes It!
  • Fight, Flight or Freeze?
  • The Power of Decision Making




Exploring Effort

The phrase 'Remember to Try Hard' is standard and common, but what value is it?

  • What is Motivation Comprised Of?
  • Is Effort a Skill or Ability?
  • Hard Work Can be Mental or Physical and Both
  • Hard work and the Coach’s Responsibilities
  • 20 Coaching Tools to Enhance Effort and Hard Work




Oh help! What do I say now?

Have you ever experienced that ‘Oh help!’ moment when the response you were looking for from the player or parent did not appear, and you wondered what to say next?

This great article provides you with lots of real-life scenarios and communication solutions supported by a framework to follow.

The resource includes:

  • Watch Out for your Assumptions
  • Communication Tools
  • Dialogue Examples of Coaches - Players
  • Dialogue Examples of Coaches – Parents
  • An Action Plan Idea






In this section we focus on motivation which we propose is the most important of all of the qualities comprising mental performance and potential of a player.

The resource includes:

  • Tom’ Story
  • Motivation’s Three Levels
  • Unravelling Tom’s Story
  • Identifying Motivational Behaviour
  • Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
  • The Continuum between Intrinsic and Extrinsic 
  • Player’s Psychological Needs C.A.R.
  • Luke’s Unhappy Story
  • Unravelling Luke’s Story
  • Your Role as the Coach




Sticky Coaching

A little dramatic but hopefully it has retained your attention for long enough for us to tell you that all our efforts, as authors, and your diligence as readers and practitioners, are directed towards helping your coaching to become ever more ‘sticky’.

This article includes:

  • Health Warning
  • Stickiness has Negative and Positive characteristics
  • A Story about John and Ben’s Lesson
  • Your Review using the Three Pillars
  • Our Review using the Three Pillars
  • The Importance of Motivation
  • The Importance of Emotion
  • Conclusion




Developing Awareness & Self Reflection

So awareness is a key skill for accelerating learning because it precedes change and too often we as coaches skip over this stage in our desire to ‘get things done’ and ‘fix things quickly’.

  • Relationship between Awareness and Behaviour
  • Coach’s Tools for Developing Awareness
  • Awareness and Super Coaching
  • Stay Professionally EFFECTIVE
  • Relationship between Awareness Behavior and Choice
  • Practise Self Reflection





‘If practice and repetition is number one in importance for successful motor skill learning, then running a close second is feedback’.

  • Feedback roles and benefits
  • Types of Feedback; KR / KP
  • Feedback and Confidence
  • Feedback and Motivation
  • Effort v Ability
  • Feedback and Rewards
  • Feedback and Stages of Learning
  • Consistency of Delivery
  • Feedback Bandwidth




Resource Library (Full Downloadable Version)

This stand-alone, full downloadable version of the Resource Library contains 602 great coaching tools and ideas highlighted against the backdrop of both comfortable and modern sport psycholgy.

  • 22 major headings with all the sub-sections you need
  • The Toolkit 8 Stories are cross-referenced into the Resource Library
  • Contains 50 x 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plans - see below
  • Approximately 306 downloadable pages



Effective Practice

This group of 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan Cards includes 7 great, ready to use coaching themes which contain 41 vital teaching points and practical ideas.

  • Sticky Lessons (1)
  • Sticky Lessons (2)
  • Effective Practice
  • Cross or Line?
  • Practice with Match Purpose
  • Learning to Learn (1) 
  • Learning To Learn (2)




Managing Mistakes

This group of 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan Cards includes 10 great, ready to use coaching themes which contain 54 vital teaching points and practical ideas.

  • Accepting Mistakes
  • Accepting the Nature of Competitive Tennis
  • The Little Voice...It's your Choice
  • Helpful Mistakes
  • Managing Mistakes
  • Self Talk
  • All or Nothing Thinking
  • Striving for Less Imperfection
  • Correct Our Thinking Errors - There's No Good in 'Should'
  • Body Language



Coaching Motivation

This group of 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan Cards include 11 great, ready to use coaching themes which contain 77 vital teaching points and practical ideas.

  • Coaching Motivation - C.A.R.
  • Engagement
  • Taking Responsibility (1)
  • Taking responsibility (2)
  • The Choice is Yours
  • Effort vs Ability
  • Did You Win?
  • Limiting Beliefs
  • Building Confidence
  • Coaching Confidence (1)
  • Coaching Confidence (2)

Effective Questioning

It is very common for the role of effective questioning to form part of the highlight in any coach education programme or certification.

  • Is Questioning Normal?
  • Exploring Communication Styles through six forms of Questions
  • Why Questioning is Beneficial
  • Five broad categories of Questions
  • Knowing when your Questioning is Right or Wrong
  • Tips on How and How Not to Ask Questions
  • ‘Generally Asked Questions’ about Questions
  • A Question Test to help your Understanding
  • Conclusion




Goal Setting

The most talked about and the most underused coaching tool

  • How and Why has the Coach/Pupil Relationship Begun?
  • Is the Coach a Victim or a Volunteer?
  • Important Features of Getting Ready to Change
  • The Imaginary Future
  • Unravelling and Meaning to Outcome/Performance/Process Goals
  • Gaining Commitment and Giving Goals Life
  • A Goal Setting Task
  • Detailing Outcome Performance and Processing Goals
  • Eliciting Commitment
  • Unravelling the Acronym S.M.A.R.T.(E.R.)
  • Cross Reference To Confidence and Competence
  • The Sum Total Leading To Purpose
  • Develop a vision of what your pupil and their future game can become





Beware the Idle Match Play

Realistic match rehearsal is realistic. Unrealistic match rehearsal is unrealistic: Beware the Idle Match Play

  • Do Coaches Inhibit Development of Good Match Play?
  • Benefits of Match Play Rehearsal
  • Key ingredients of Creative Match Play Rehearsal
  • Examples of Creative Match Play Rehearsal
  • Dr. Chris Harwood and Competitive Challenge
  • Examples of Competitive Challenge
  • Summary




Emotional Control Pressure Play

This group of 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan Cards includes 12 great, ready to use coaching themes which contain 81 vital teaching points and practical ideas.

  • Control the 'Controllables'
  • Performance vs Outcome
  • Ratings
  • Breathe!
  • Learning to Focus
  • Focus on the Process
  • Focus on What You Can Control
  • Concentration
  • Time - Friend or Foe? (1)
  • Time - Friend or Foe? (2)
  • Tennis is Best Played One Point at a Time (1)
  • Tennis is Best Played One Point at a Time (2)


“Come on – concentrate!” How many times has this been uttered and in how many different situations? Is it of any value?

  • Define concentration in a way that helps you and your players understand its role in tennis.
  • Provides you with ideas/activities for developing concentration.
  • Tests for progress.



Dealing with Defeat

I know I'm young but I try hard, so why should I lose?

Helping players to understand and accept defeat:

  • Defeat and Disappointment are Natural Partners
  • Get Inoculated Against Defeat
  • The Role of the Parents
  • Avoidance Not 'First Aid'




Did You Win?

Motivation is the key mental skill and the reasons pupils give for success and failure are the major influencers on their commitment. Lets take a closer look at this relationship from the seemingly inocuous question of 'Did you win?':

  • 'Did you win?' may be a dangerous question
  • Ecamples of Great Questions in Win / Lose / Don't Know Result Situations
  • Digging Deeper into a player's thoughts
  • Attributing reasons for a Player's Success or Failure
  • Healthy Player Responses to Wins and Losses 



Parents Support

Supporting and Working with Parents is a Vital Element in your Effective Coaching of their Children

1. Behind the result (1) which includes:

  • Example of a supportive Coach’s Parental Newsletter
  • Outcome Obsession
  • Me Then, Me Now
  • Consistent Feedback

2. Behind the result (2) which includes:

  • Example of a supportive Coach’s Parental Newsletter
  • Focus on performance for a healthier car journey!

3. Behind the Result (3) which includes:

  • Example of a supportive Coach’s Parental Newsletter
  • What’s the optimal push? 
  • Tennis journeys by CAR

4. Parent Match Support & Reflection Log



Match Management

This group of 3T's Mental Skills Lesson Plan Cards includes 10 great, ready to use coaching themes which contain 84 vital teaching points and practical ideas.

  • Starting the Point - Serving (1)
  • Starting the Point - Returning (1)
  • Building the Point (1)
  • Staying in the Point (1)
  • Turning the Point Around
  • Finishing the Point
  • Playing from Infront
  • Developing a Pre-Point Routine
  • Developing a Bomb Proof Routine
  • Two Ways to Win a Tennis Match



Story 5

An 11 year old boy is having individual lessons with a relatively inexperienced coach and is accompanied by an aggressive father who has no embarrassment about interfering. 

For the boy it is a very difficult time in his tennis life.


  • Employing communication skills to deal with difficult people 
  • Using analogies for clarification
  • To understand the benefits of a task-oriented motivational climate
  • To help understand and support parents in their role as ‘sporting’ parents




Story 3

A teenage boy who has been disappointed with his match play performances was concerned about the forthcoming tennis lessons.  Because of the coaches sophisticated coaching methodology the boys’ fears were dispelled and the lesson was a positive experience.


  • To explore goal setting and decision making.
  • The importance of empathy in developing an effective working relationship.
  • To understand how to build a players’ self-confidence.
  • Applying process and performance goals.
  • Development of individual game style.




Story 1

A teenage girl relates her negative experiences at a club recreational group coaching evening where the coach has lost control of quality.

The coach resorts to command style coaching with no room for compromise possibly as a result of repeated inability on their part to create interesting and challenging practices.


  • Motivating through goal setting
  • Improvement through self analysis
  • Working efficiently through cooperation
  • Thoughts impact on our feelings, decisions and behaviour


Story 6

A young teenager from a large club recreational room describes how the coaching improves after the coach had attended an in-service training seminar.  Until then it had been relatively enjoyable but slightly unfocused coaching programme.


  • The importance of differentiation in coaching to meet the needs of the learner
  • Effective use of co-operation and choice as a coaching tool.
  • Dealing with disruptive behaviour.




Story 7

A young girl who is both conscientious and attentive at her club coaching sessions does not want to take her tennis playing into tournaments or external match play.  Her parents have no previous experience with sport although both of their children are interested in tennis.


  • To better understand human motivation and why people play tennis
  • The importance of influencing the playing environment.
  • The power of the peer group
  • How to influence the agenda of tennis players.




Story 2

A teenage player comes off court having just lost a match they thought they should win. They know their coach has been watching.

The tension the player felt before their post match talk was dissipated by the coach’s communication skills and the player, to their surprise, became involved in a positive experience.


  • To discover more about practical and relevant communication skills. 
  • To see the power of asking very effective questions.
  • To see the power of effective relationships.
  • To understand the principle of ‘challenge’ and have practical ideas on how to use when coaching players.




Story 4

A mature teenage girl wishes to resume her tennis after suffering a serious injury.  She is approaching the lesson with a high degree of nervousness but the coach displays an empathetic attitude which helps nurse her through her first on court appearance.


  • To understand the importance of goal-setting to motivation
  • The importance of empathy in developing an effective working relationship
  • Common sense approach to goal setting and challenge.
  • To know how to coach to build a players’ self-confidence.




Story 8

A large commercial centre is driven more by profit than customer care and a new coach from a club background has inherited a problem youngster in the group he is running. The youngster’s parents do not take responsibility for his behaviour.


  • Creating a working environment which is conducive to learning.
  • Understanding the importance of building a coaching philosophy.
  • Effective communication with customers (e.g. parents)




Toolkit DVD


Coaching CAR

Motivation is the primary mental skill to possess. It drives all performance and improvement.

The Toolkit's Motivation I DVD shows 26 tremendous drills and ideas that coaches use to help their pupils acquire deep motivation.

It brings to life a modern well researched motivational framework which demonstrates how a coach can nurture healthy motivation by increasing their perception of the following 3 principles;

C ompetence  - I'm Efficient! 

A utonomy     - I'm Independent!

R elatedness  - I'm Recognised!



Toolkit DVD


Coaching EFFORT

The Toolkit's Coaching Effort DVD shows 24 powerful drills and ideas that coaches use to help pupils acquire the security that managing effort produces.

Helping players to discover how hard they can work and finding creative and effective ways to draw more effort from them is a valued skill for all coaches.

This DVD shows you how.





Toolkit DVD



Between Point Routine

The Toolkit's ABC I DVD shows 15 tremendous drills and ideas that coaches use to help their pupils acquire deep motivation.